As per the World Health Organisation (WHO), diabetes is going to be the seventh top cause of death by 2030 and is responsible for kidney failure, amputation and blindness worldwide. According to the WHO, individuals with diabetes in India doubled from 32 million in 2000 to 63 million in 2013 and this number is projected to grow to 101.2 million in the subsequent 15 decades. New cases of diabetes among younger age classes are rising, especially among children and teens.
Various types of diabetes may occur in children, which need attention and special care from school personnel and parents:
– Type 1 diabetes is also an autoimmune illness, which means the body’s own immune cells attack. The body gradually becomes deficient in insulin. Insulin is a very important hormone which helps to break down the glucose into energy. When the body is deficient in insulin your body derives its energy. All these ketones and the blood glucose in the body cause a condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis that’s life-threatening and dangerous if left untreated.
– Parents should consider signs to diagnose diabetes early. A diabetic child may have disinterest in hobbies and excessive urination, thirst, appetite, weight loss, tiredness, fatigue, frequent stomach aches, and bedwetting in case of younger kids, crankiness, irritability . Symptoms and these signs should prompt the parents to check their kid and go to a specialist.
– Insulin is the sole treatment in Type 1 Diabetes patient and this is sometimes given through insulin pens, syringes or a novel apparatus. This pump is a device that is tiny and is called an artificial pancreas as it delivers insulin into the body like the pancreas.
– Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) is one of the major serious complications and needs to be handled immediately.
– Increasing cases of obesity was seen among school kids because of increasing intake of calorie-rich food (junk food) and sugar-sweetened beverages. This has been seen in public colleges based on our research, which revealed% of school kids as being overweight/obese. Even though the majority of them will remain obese as adults too, some of them will develop adult onset diabetes (Type 2 Diabetes) within their adolescent.
– the child’s management is focused on weight loss through exercise, correct dietary approach, and cautious use of certain drugs which reduce blood glucose in addition to weight.
– Any child with diabetes (Type 1 /Type 2) should be managed sensitively and should not be stigmatized.
– class teacher The college principal, school authority along with the physical education teacher can share their assessments; it needs to be kept confidential.
Following are action and a few points the school authorities should consider:
First, the personal information page at the school journal should mention any particular health state of the child so that especially the class teachers, the schools know and administer care.
Students with diabetes should be permitted to check their blood glucose during times when there is low blood glucose level that was suspected.
Thirdly, students should be permitted to take snacks to stop low sugars during class or assessments.
Pupils should be permitted to carry medical devices such as insulin syringes, glucometer, insulin, and insulin pens.
Younger children less than 8 decades old may require assistance from teachers which should be provided to check their blood glucose or administer insulin.
Sixthly, kids with diabetes can develop low blood glucose with blood glucose <70mg/dl during college hours. Any form of a cup of fruit juice or sugar such as glucose helps and should be given. If the student is not able to swallow and falls unconscious, don't attempt to give anything. The parents should be informed by the school and intravenous glucose should be administered, in the event the college medical team has a physician.
Pupils should be encouraged to eat a small snack before any education instruction.
Published: November 13, 2016 3:59 pm | Updated:November 14, 2016 11:21’m