World Diabetes Day: 10 expert tips to manage type 1 diabetes

As kids spend most of the time at school children with diabetes require special care not only from parents but also teachers. It’s a known fact that obesity and increased intake of junk food are primary risk factors for juvenile diabetes. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), the amount of individuals with diabetes at India has dropped from 32 million in 2000 to 63 million in 2013. Additionally, the figures are projected to grow to 101.2 million in the subsequent 15 decades. Additionally, new cases of diabetes among younger age groups are climbing, particularly among children and teens. Dr Anoop Misra, Director and Chairman, Fortis C-DOC Hospital and Dr Amrita Ghosh, Associate Advisor Fortis C-DOC Hospital shares few hints on how parents and school staff can handle diabetes in kids.

It’s an autoimmune condition where the immune cells attack the pancreas, resulting in a deficiency of insulin. It triggers diabetes since the body fails to break down sugar due to lack of insulin. Additionally, as fats have been utilized to produce energy, it causes excessive production of ketones leading to ketoacidosis. As type 1 diabetes commonly seen in kids, parents should start looking for indications of diabetes for example excessive urination, excessive thirst or hunger, weight loss, tiredness, weakness, frequent stomach aches, bedwetting in the case to f younger kids, irritability, disinterest in hobbies and crankiness. Do consult with with a physician for a blood test, should you observe any signals in a child. The treatment option for type 1 diabetes is insulin, which can be given through syringes, insulin pens or a insulin pump. One of the major complications in type 1 diabetics is hypoglycemia or low blood sugar, that need to be managed immediately to prevent any condition.

When it comes to school authorities and teachers, here’s how they can help in managing diabetes in school kids.

1. Everyone should bear in the mind that any child with diabetes, whether type 1 or type 2 diabetes should not be stigmatised but managed sensitively.

2. The parents can share the health assessment, that needs to be kept mostly confidential by the course teacher, school principal, school medical authority along with the sports teacher.

3. The private information page at the school journal should mention health state of the child so that the school, particularly the course teachers are aware of the child’s health and administer necessary care.

4. The school authorities should allow students with diabetes to check the blood sugar in the course if low blood sugar level is suspected by the child or the teacher.

5. As there are chances of low blood sugar due to diabetes therapy, students should be permitted to take snacks to prevent low blood sugar during regular classes as well as examinations. Also read about couple tips to handle type 1 diabetes in kids

6. The school should allow students to take medical devices like insulin pens, glucometer, insulin, and insulin syringes with special permission along with the course teacher should be aware of it.

7. Children below age 8 years might require the assistance of staff or teachers to check the blood sugar or manage insulin, that should be provided with no delay.

8. Pupils should be encouraged to consume an easy snack or drink juice prior to any physical education training as exercise might lead to reduced blood sugar.

9. If a child develops low blood sugar (<70mg/dl) during school hours, then a very simple form of sugar or a cup of fruit juice has to be given to managing the blood sugar levels.

10. If a student falls unconscious and isn’t able to swallow as a result of reduced blood sugar, don’t try to give anything throughout the mouth. Call for medical support as the child might require intravenous administration of glucose to acquire normal and notify the parents. Listed below areĀ 11 expert suggestions about how best to help kids and teens cope with diabetes.

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Published: November 14, 2016 12:15 pm

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