Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas within our own body and is essential for our body organs to use glucose (sugar)in our blood as a power source. In other words, insulin is your key that unlocks the door for glucose to enter into the body organs. In diabetes, there is either total absence of insulin secretion as in Type 1 Diabetes, or Insulin produced might be too less or not able to act (Insulin Resistance) like in Type 2 Diabetes. Dr Manjunath Malige, Advisor at Fortis Hospital, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore, helps us in understanding the A-Z of insulin for diabetes, from how one should use it to understanding at which point one requires it.
In our own body, this is how insulin will help in regulating blood sugar levels.
Following food consumption, blood glucose level rises and this leads to Insulin secretion. Insulin helps body organs take up sugar and lowers the blood sugar levels. After the sugar level is low or normal, body stops creation so that the glucose level doesn’t decrease. Insulin shots may be required when body doesn’t produce enough insulin.
The four Significant Kinds of insulin available in the market are:
There are various Kinds of insulins as follows:
- Rapid or Short-acting Insulin: After recovered, this insulin starts acting within few minutes and brings down the blood glucose level quickly. It stays and convenient for use just before meals as meal — period insulin.
- Intermediate-acting Insulin: Once recovered this insulin starts acting gradually by roughly 1 — two hours and will help control the blood glucose level for about 12 hours. This insulin is used twice daily or once either before day dinner or lunch before breakfast. Some intermediate insulins have rapid or a mixture and acting insulin in varying proportions.
- Long-acting Insulin: All these insulins start acting rather gradually over a period of two — 3 hours and help regulate the blood sugars level for 24 — 36 hours and therefore these insulins are utilized once daily either in the daytime or in the day.
Major Features of insulin
Insulin is a hormone produced in the body in response. When given as an injection for individuals with Diabetes it does exactly the same job. The dose and the selection of kind of insulin is crucial in controlling the blood glucose level. Excess insulin may cause low blood sugars (hypoglycemia) which will require urgent treatment to boost the blood glucose level. Insufficient and inappropriate kind of insulin may result in inadequate control of Diabetes also increases the risk of Diabetes complications. Occasionally people put on weight so it is not a suitable remedy for everybody.
Understand the basics when intending to undertake insulin therapy
Insulin shots must be initiated by means of a Specialist (Diabetologist) with particular expertise in initiating and monitoring insulin therapy. Wrong dose and incorrect insulin kind of insulin may cause complications. When pills alone fail to control the blood glucose level, whilst insulin may be required by type a few years after the diagnosis, Diabetes patients will require insulin right from the time of diagnosis. Insulin should be taken with the injection technique before meals. Insulin injection sites should be rotated regularly so that lumps of fat don’t develop under the skin. Read more about 10 insulin myths broken!
The Ideal storage of insulin
Insulin shots should be stored at the refrigerator’s door compartment and not in the freezer compartment. Once taken from the refrigerator, insulin could be kept away from direct sunshine at room temperature. Please read directions booklet that comes with your insulin injection. Not and Insulin ought to be kept in the hand baggage check in bag when travelling via air. Insulin kept and should be carried at insulin cool packs when travelling to places with high temperatures.
The Ideal time to shoot insulin
Insulin needs to be taken upon the type of insulin. Rapid-acting insulin should be taken just before the meal. Insulin should be taken 20 — 30 minutes before the meal. Intermediate and long-acting insulins must be taken before a meal at the same time daily. May take them at conditions that are various depending upon the blood glucose levels. Insulin can be taken by patients using Insulin Pump to convey insulin at conditions that are various depending upon the glucose levels. Read here No more painful insulin shots. Insulin pills could make diabetes therapy painless
Do diabetics always require insulin? And at what point of diabetes should take insulin?
Not many Diabetic patients need insulin. Insulin is consistently needed by type 1 diabetic patients. Type 2 diabetic patients may not need insulin for first few years as glucose level could be controlled by pills. Insulin will be usually needed by pregnant patients. Insulin may be needed temporarily if undergoing operation or a procedure or through stressful periods. Diabetic patients with kidney failure will require insulin.