Diabetes is something everybody dreads these days, after all who would like to bypass on those candies right? Even more thing about diabetes is the fact that you can get it while you are pregnant. As scary as it seems, the health of your unborn baby may affect . There are various causes of an expectant mother to get outcomes that are numerous and diabetes that it can have in your in addition to your little one’s health. Let’s get to learn more about it.
Why do women get gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that occurs while a woman is pregnant. As a process, your body starts storing glucose in your system to nourish your baby and hormonal changes can make blood glucose levels to rise. When most women are able to perform a normal healthier pregnancy, many women struggle to maintain since their body is not producing enough insulin to break down the sugar in their blood flow. This leads to gestational diabetes that could be harmful if detected early on. Some factors that make you more susceptible to gestational diabetes are:
- Age above 25
- Family history of diabetics
- Overweight or BMI above 30
- Patient with PCOS
- Glucose intolerant
- Had a big baby before
Effects of Gestational Diabetes on the infant
The simple principle of diabetes and glucose is that body needs insulin to break down glucose. If the body can’t produce enough insulin sugar remains in the blood flow and because the baby receives all of nutrients it stores sugar and glucose as fat in the body. This makes the baby grow larger and weigh more than usual. Some complications of gestational diabetes are:
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- Illness and injury during delivery due to larger size
- Low blood glucose and mineral level after delivery
- Preterm birth
- Temporary breathing problems
- Greater risk of diabetes and obesity later in life
How does Gestational Diabetes affect the infant?
Even though many women with gestational diabetes give birth to entirely normal and healthy children, there may be several problems and health issues that your infant could face after birth. Gestational diabetes does not cause any deformities or health risks to the infant but it does cause a few problems like:
- Macrosomia: because your infant stores more fat within their own body as a result of gestational diabetes, you will find chances that your infant could be bigger and larger than usual infants. This induces injuries in babies and infants are delivered via a C-section.
- Hypoglycemia: Considering that the infant is used to becoming more than usual amounts of glucose in their bloodstream, there is possibility that your baby would need to secure more breastfeeding to keep up with glucose demands. If not, then he/she would require glucose feedings via plastic tubes via their arm to place glucose into their blood.
- Jaundice: Your infant could also develop jaundice that causes the skin and parts of the eye to turn yellow. But, it is not a dangerous condition and can be treated easily.
- Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS): Gestational diabetes may cause your little one to have breathing and respiratory issues after birth and require oxygen support.
- Low Calcium & Magnesium Amounts: Your baby could develop spasms or muscle cramps as a result of reduced levels of magnesium and calcium in their own body as a result of gestational diabetes. This may be treated by providing nutritional supplements to fulfill your own entire body needs.
Does your baby need special attention?
Although gestational diabetes does not cause any birth defects in infants it may provide long life dangers to such infants like danger of obesity or danger of developing Type 2 Diabetes later in life. With a nutritious diet and attention of the own body of your little one, you can ensure that your baby is out of any problems.
Most instances of gestational diabetes are diagnosed in pregnancy and by that time the infant has grown without any possible defects. You need to ensure a nutritious diet during your pregnancy and run evaluations to detect diabetes together with your doctor to make sure your consultation and your baby are safe!