Gestational diabetes is just like any other form of diabetes — glucose accumulates in the blood as the cells can’t use it. The only difference is it affects women . Gestational diabetes is something which can have a negative impact on the pregnancy of a woman as well as the developing baby inside her womb.
The fantastic news is diabetes can be controlled by some dietary and lifestyle modifications. A physician in some instances may warrants insulin injections. Keeping the level of glucose is essential for the sake of the mother and her infant. It’s a fact that diabetes goes away after birth is given by the woman. But at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes she’s from thereon.
No one knows why some pregnant women develop gestational diabetes, while some do not. Experts say that it’s something to do with the body’s inability to produce insulin when pregnant. Secreted by specific cells in the pancreas, insulin is a hormone which facilitates the flow of glucose from the blood and into the cells.
During pregnancy, the female’s body produces additional hormones which may impede the creation of insulin. Also, changes in her body like weight reduction can leave the body’s cells less responsive to insulin. Gestational diabetes attacks, if the specific cells in the pancreas don’t produce insulin.
Some women are more vulnerable to having diabetes when they get in the family way. This can be true for people who are overweight and have pre-diabetes, which is distinguished by blood sugar levels which are higher than usual. Women with a family history of type 2 diabetes are at risk.
A woman who had diabetes in her previous pregnancy is quite likely to possess the disease again. People who are diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS may have it. Experts say that women who are African American, Asian American, American Indian, Hispanic or Pacific Islander American are likelier to suffer from gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes doesn’t cause any symptom. It’s only when blood testing (such as screening for gestational diabetes) is completed that the existence of the disorder is discovered.
For a pregnant woman whose sugar levels in the bloodstream become large, she may experience some symptoms — most of which are classic signs of diabetes. They’re increased appetite, mouth dryness and frequent desire to urinate. Someone with gestational diabetes may feel exhausted, since sugar fails to enter the cells.
Just like any other kind of diabetes, the type which affects a pregnant woman that is pregnant has to be managed effectively. Otherwise, certain complications may be encountered. A lot of women with gestational diabetes end up delivering healthy infants, provided that the disease is properly managed.
A pregnant woman may need to undergo C-section, if left uncontrolled. That’s because the infant may become too big for normal delivery, especially if it weighs 9 pounds or over. Also, it’s not unlikely for the infant to be delivered before the due date, as well as suffer from what is known as respiratory distress syndrome.
Experts add that the infant may also suffer from hypoglycemia, which is characterized by low levels of sugar in the blood. In terms of the mother, she may end up with type 2 diabetes and obesity later on.
In order to ward off complications affecting her as well as her 30, it’s important to monitor and control the blood glucose levels of a woman. A physician will suggest a diet plan and exercise to maintain healthy levels of sugarcirculation.
In case exercise and diet don’t deliver expected outcomes, insulin shots may be required by the pregnant woman with the disorder. Experts say that 10 to 20 percent of women with gestational diabetes need insulin injections in order to keep glucose levels.