Gestational diabetes is just like any other kind of diabetes — glucose accumulates in the blood as the cells cannot use it. The only difference is that it affects pregnant women only. Surely, gestational diabetes is something that can have a negative impact on a woman’s pregnancy in addition to the developing baby inside her uterus.
The good news is that gestational diabetes can be controlled by some simple dietary and lifestyle changes. Insulin injections may be justified by a doctor in some instances. Keeping the amount of glucose in the blood within normal variety is essential for the sake of the mother and her baby. It is a fact that gestational diabetes goes away after the affected girl gives birth. But from thereon she is at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
No one really knows why some pregnant women develop gestational diabetes, but some do not. But, experts say that it has something to do with the human body’s inability to produce insulin during pregnancy. Secreted by special cells in the pancreas, insulin is a hormone that facilitates the flow of glucose from the blood and into the cells.
While pregnant, the woman’s body produces additional hormones that may impede the production of insulin. Additionally, changes in her own body such as weight gain can leave the body’s cells less responsive to insulin. In the event the special cells in the pancreas fail to produce more insulin, gestational diabetes attacks.
Some girls are more vulnerable to having gestational diabetes whenever they get in the household. This can be true for those who are overweight and also have pre-diabetes, which is distinguished by blood glucose levels that are slightly higher than usual. Women with a family history of type 2 diabetes are also at risk.
A girl who had gestational diabetes in her past pregnancy is quite much likely to possess the disease once more. People who are diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS might have it as well. Experts say that pregnant women who are African American, Asian American, American Indian, Hispanic or Pacific Islander American are more prone to suffer from gestational diabetes.
Normally, gestational diabetes doesn’t cause any symptom in any way. It’s only when blood testing (for example, screening for gestational diabetes) is completed that the presence of the disease is discovered.
For a pregnant girl whose glucose levels in the bloodstream become abnormally high, she could experience a few symptoms — most of which are classic indicators of diabetes. They are mouth dryness, increased thirst and frequent desire to urinate. Since glucose fails to enter the cells, someone with gestational diabetes may feel exhausted.
The same as any other type of diabetes, the kind that affects pregnant a pregnant girl needs to be managed efficiently. Otherwise, certain complications may be encountered. A good deal of women with gestational diabetes wind up delivering healthy infants, assuming that the disease is correctly managed.
If left uncontrolled, a pregnant woman might have to undergo C-section. That is because the baby might become too large for regular shipping, especially if it weighs 9 pounds or more. Additionally, it is not improbable for the baby to be delivered prior to the due date, in addition to suffer from what is called respiratory distress syndrome.
Experts add that the baby may also suffer from hypoglycemia, which is characterized by abnormally low levels of glucose in the blood vessels. As for the mother, she could wind up getting type 2 diabetes and obesity later on.
It’s important to monitor and control the blood glucose levels of a woman with gestational diabetes so as to ward off complications affecting her in addition to her baby. A doctor will recommend a healthy diet plan and regular exercise to keep healthy levels of glucose in the blood.
Just in case diet and exercise fail to deliver expected outcomes, the pregnant girl with the disease may require insulin shots. Experts say that 10 to 20 percent of all pregnant women with gestational diabetes need insulin injections so as to keep high glucose levels in check.